Women’s Health

Women’s Health

Pelvic Organ Prolapse Frequently Asked Questions

What is Pelvic Organ Prolapse?

Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when the pelvic floor muscles become too weak to hold the pelvic organs (bladder, uterus, vaginal wall or rectum) in place.

How common is Pelvic Organ Prolapse?

Pelvic organ prolapse affects an estimated 3.3 million women in the United States and approximately half of all women over age 50 complain of symptoms associated with prolapse.

Can Pelvic Organ Prolapse be successfully treated?

Yes. If not treated, pelvic organ prolapse can get worse over time and will not go away on its own, but it can be treated.

What causes Pelvic Organ Prolapse?

Pelvic organ prolapse is a progressive condition that gets worse over time. Pregnancy and childbirth are the most common causes of pelvic organ prolapse. However, menopause, previous vaginal surgery, chronic coughing or straining, heavy lifting, obesity, family history and loss of muscle tone as a result of aging can also contribute.

What are the treatment options for Pelvic Organ Prolapse?

There are both non-surgical and surgical treatment options. The non-surgical options may include: lifestyle changes, Kegels, vaginal pessaries or medicine. Surgical treatments are minimally invasive and restore your body to your natural state by inserting either a biological or synthetic graft. Your doctor can discuss these and additional treatment options with you.

What is the prolapse repair procedure?

A prolapse repair procedure is a minimally invasive surgical option that uses a graft (biological or synthetic) to correct prolapse by placing the graft material over the bulge and suturing it into place restoring the natural pelvic floor support.

How long does it take to recover from a prolapse procedure?

Every patient’s recovery time is different. Following your surgery, it is important to avoid heavy lifting and sexual intercourse for six weeks or as recommended by your doctor. Your doctor will be able to provide you with more specific details about your individual recovery process.

What are the risks associated with a prolapse procedure?

Every surgery carries some level of risk. Ask your doctor for more information about potential risks and complications, as well as your specific surgery and situation.

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